Children’s orthodontics is one of the most common treatments in the field of dentistry. The orthodontic stage starts at the beginning of adolescence (10-20 years). It is sometimes extended to a little later than this age. The orthodontic treatment is done by a specialized pediatric orthodontist.
Children have to undergo orthodontic treatment as a result of improper growth of teeth, which begins when the child grows up and try to change their original position, creating spaces between them. Therefore, consulting the doctor early allows him to diagnose the problems teeth closure which results in an imbalance aesthetically and functionally.
As a result of severe dental overcrowding, distortions of teeth, and popeyed dental growth, closure problems occur. Sometimes, orthodontic problems are genetic.
Dental treatment may begin at the age of 7-8 years, although early treatment is preferred in specific cases; in order to avoid complex problems in the future or in a later age if possible. Treatment is done by replacing the first natural teeth set with the adult teeth set. The doctor recommends that treatment starts when the jaw bones are in the growth process, so it is easier than to intervene in its nature of growth and allow a better and straighter growth.
Orthodontic treatment can be done in several ways: the most common method is to install transparent or metal arcs on the teeth and pass the dental wire between them.
This wire creates a pressure on the teeth and moves them slowly. The doctor changes the pressure of the wire every few weeks during the visits of the child to the clinic which contributes positively to effect of the orthodontics.
Another widely spread method in orthodontics is the translucent removable plate that is installed inside the mouth. There is also the possibility to install a panel to be tied to an external prank that the child may need to put it around his mouth.
The arches treatment is more comfortable for the child, although it takes longer, but the composite arches are not protruding and if they are transparent, they cannot be seen or noticed. On top of that it is also much more comfortable than the prank that accompanies the child for several hours a day.
The teeth must be kept healthy and the child should be prevented from undergoing teeth filling. To avoid other dental treatments, ensure that the child keeps his teeth healthy by brushing his teeth properly, and using the medical thread during the period of placing the arches on the teeth (or the period of plate and prank on the teeth). Because of the presence of arches on the teeth, there is a need to change the method of brushing teeth, where it is recommended that the child receives all the information about the correct way to use the brush from the doctor.
The milk teeth appear in the child for the first time between the ages of six months and nine months. These are the teeth of the incisors, while at the age of one and a half, the first molars appear. The way of the growth of milk teeth in the future affects the growth of permanent teeth; loss of milk teeth due to decay may lead to the poor growth of permanent teeth. Therefore, it is recommended to perform the first dental examination till the age of 1 year old, during which the doctor examines the proper development of teeth and advise parents on how to prevent tooth decay and inflammation of the gums. You should also visit your dentist every six months.
The development of teeth begins during the development of the fetus starting from the first month to the last month of life in the uterus. This development continues after birth and the beginning of the growth of Milk teeth sequentially.
Mixed teeth are formed between 6 – 12 years of age, and they are formed throughout two stages, the stage of switching the upper and lower cutters and the stage of the change of canines and spines. All permanent teeth should be in place by the age of 13, except for the “wisdom tooth”, this type of teeth may grow at any time between the age of 18 and the age of 25.
The mature man has 32 teeth in his mouth. All permanent teeth should be in place by the age of 13, except for the “wisdom teeth”. This type of teeth may grow at any time between the age of 18 and the age of 25.
Preserving your child’s teeth
The teeth of the children are preserved by keeping children’s mouth healthy; their teeth should be brushed according to the doctor’s instructions with a suitable toothbrush and paste. The child should also be provided with a healthy and balanced diet containing vegetables, fruits, and foods that don’t cause holes or stains in the teeth. It is also a must to visit the dentist periodically.